Progress since the 2015 Referencing Report: Implementation of the Hungarian Qualifications Framework and the use of learning outcomes, 2015–2020.
The first phase of the development process related to the Hungarian Qualifications Framework (HuQF) reached an important milestone when, on 3 February 2015, the European Qualifications Framework Advisory Group (EQF AG) accepted the report on referencing the HuQF to the EQF. Significant development work ensued in the subsectors of the education system. The HuQF levels of the qualifications appeared in legislation pertaining to education, and the use of learning outcomes has become increasingly dominant in the regulation of certificates and diplomas. Learning outcomes appeared first in educational requirements of higher education degrees, then also in certificates of public and vocational education. However, the administrative steps introducing the HuQF and outcomes-based training development in higher education (HE) and vocational education and training (VET) has not had a pregnant impact on the quality of programmes and teaching-learning processes as yet. This report presents the developments and results achieved in the 2015-2020 period in the implementation of the HuQF, the use of learning outcomes, and validation in public education, VET, HE, and adult education (AE). The report is sector-oriented, for the practical reason that for the time being it is within the education system that the HuQF exists and can be interpreted. Qualifications obtained in the context of formal education and training from primary through secondary to tertiary education were the first to be linked to the HuQF. Legislation on the PhD/DLA level of the HuQF was promulgated in 2016. Qualifications acquired in AE were also linked to the HuQF but linking the outcomes of labour market-based education and training and informal learning to the system requires further development.